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Monday, July 17, 2017

London Flag Congress, ICV27

London Flag Congress, ICV27



Since 1969, the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques (FIAV) an international federation of 52 regional, national, and multinational vexillological associations and institutions across the globe. has sponsored the biennial International Congresses of Vexillology (ICV). Every two years the world’s flag people come together to discuss the subject they love best, flags, hear talks on various vexillological subjects and socialise. 


 Flag Institute, UK will organise the 27th International Congress of Vexillology (ICV27) from 6-11 August 2017, at Huxley Building, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ . http://www.icv27.co.uk


Here is the full programme, list of the speakers and the titles of their topics to be presented during the Congress. 
SUNDAY 6 AUGUST
1500-1800 Registration
Venue: Huxley Building
1800-2000 Informal get-together
Venue: FiveSixEight, Beit Quadrangle, 2 Prince Consort Rd, Kensington, London SW7 2BB


MONDAY 7 AUGUST
0900-1000 Opening Ceremony / official ICV27 photograph
Venue: Queen's Lawn, Imperial College
 Conference Speakers;
1030-1100 Annie Platoff (USA) : Little Leninists: flags, symbols, and the political socialization of Soviet children
1100-1130 Tiago José Berg (Brazil) : Vexillology with high school students
1130-1200 Ted Kaye (USA) : American city flag redesign - a welcome change
1200-1230 Kevin Harrington (Canada) : Flags and the Anniversaries of 2017 - myths, mistakes, misconceptions
1400-1430 Christopher Maddish (USA) : Colour coding and new vexillological avenues for flag design
1430-1500 Pierre-Jean Guionin (France): The new edition of Album des pavillons et des marques distinctives
1500-1530 Victor Lomantsov (Russia) : Flags of trade-unions' sport societies in the USSR
1600-1630 Sekhar Chakrabarti (India): Variant of dominant political party flag as national flag - confusions and controversies: a case study
1630-1700 John Cartledge (UK) : Red for danger
1830-2200 Welcome barbecue includes celebration toast marking the 50th Anniversary of the Inception of FIAV (ICV2, Rüschlikon, 1967)
Venue: Roof terrace, Baden Powell House, 65-67 Queen's Gate, South Kensington, London SW7 5JS 

TUESDAY 8 AUGUST
0900-0930 Ralph Bartlett (Australia) : Flags by King for Country
0930-1000 Rachel Phelan (Ireland) : What's up with the big green flag? The conservation of the flag of the Irish Republic
1000-1030 Roberto Breschi (Italy) : A vexillological treasure in Florence, Italy
1100-1130 Manuela Schmöger (Germany) : kommunalflaggen.eu - a Wiki about municipal flags
1130-1200 Scot Guenter (USA): Historical shifts and emergent paradigms: tradition, ideology, sources of power and influence in flag studies
1200-1230 Alan Hardy : The standard colour set, a common ratio, contrast and individualities
1400-1430 Ralph Kelly (Australia): A flag for Empire
1430-1500 Cédric de Fougerolle (France) : Ex-libris and vexillology
1500-1530 Ladislav Hnát (Czech Republic) : Party flags, colours and logos in the 8th European Parliament
1600-1610 Pluethipol Prachumphol (Thailand) : History of the Thai flag
1610-1620 Slovenian Vexillological Association : ICV29 bid - supporting presentation
1620-1630 Genealogical Society of Ireland : ICV29 bid - supporting presentation
1630-1800 25th FIAV General Assembly


WEDNESDAY 9 AUGUST
8.30-9.30 Full day excursion to Greenwich

9.30-13.30 Arrive Greenwich Park (Blackheath Gate) for a guided walking tour including Royal Observatory (Prime Meridian, Flamsteed House, great views), Old Royal Naval College (Painted Hall and Chapel), Cutty Sark
13.30-15.00 Lunch - Davy's Wine Bar, Greenwich
15.15-15.45 National Maritime Museum: 'Flags in the NMM: an introduction', a talk by Barbara Tomlinson, Curator Emeritus
15.45- Explore the NMM and Greenwich
Return travel: by river on Thames Clipper to Westminster Pier


THURSDAY 10 AUGUST
0900-0930 Marcel van Westerhoven (The Netherlands) Polderboard flags - requiem for a dream
0930-1000 Bruce Berry (South Africa): The beloved green and white - (white) Rhodesia’s search for a unique symbol of identity
1000-1030 Stoyan Antonov (Bulgaria) : Flags of Bulgarian municipalities
1100-1130 Hervé Calvarin (France) : Doubts and certainties in vexillology
1130-1200 Jos Poels (UK) : Evolution of the Gambian flag
1200-1230 David Chkheidze (Georgia) : The flags of contemporary Georgia
1400-1430 Aleš Brožek (Czech Republic) : The survey of flags used by rowing clubs in the Czech Republic
1430-1500 Avelino Couceiro Rodriguez (Cuba) : Cuba and Puerto Rico: Two flags, two wings of a single bird
1500-1530 Patrice de La Condamine (France): Flags and the woman
1600-1630 Uroš Žižmund (Slovenia): Two flags, two proposals - a new system of national and rank flags of Slovenia
1630-1700 Stan Zamyatin (Ireland): County flags of Ireland
1700-1800 Flags of the World (FOTW) Meeting (continues at FiveSixEight, Beit Quadrangle)


FRIDAY 11 AUGUST
0900-0930 Željko Heimer (Croatia) : Historical origins of contemporary Croatian municipal flags
0930-1000 Tony Burton (Australia) : Budgie smuggling and flag mayhem in Malaysia
1000-1030 Alain Raullet (France) : The third way of raising flags in Brittany
1100-1130 Roman Klimeš (Czech Republic) : Symbols of the Bohemian Olympic Committee 1912
1130-1200 Carlos Alberto Morales-Ramirez (Singapore) : Zoogeographic vexillology of North America - exploring endemism in sub-national flags
1200-1230 Nicolas Hugot (France) : A journey through constitutional vexillology
1400-1415 Xinfeng Zhao (China) : The flags of Genghis Khan
1415-1430 Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg (The Netherlands) : Five rings to bring them all - a presentation of the Olympic Flag
1430-1500 Attila István Szekeres (Romania) : The evolution of the Szekeler flag in the last four centuries
1530-1600 Rob Raeside (Canada) : Sub-national flags in Canada
1600-1610 Aleksander Hribovšek (Slovenia): The new Association flag and flags of the officers (Heraldry Society of Slovenia)
1610-1620 Theun Okkerse (The Netherlands): The obverse and reverse paradox
1620-1630 Vexillological Association of the State of Texas : ICV28, San Antonio 2019
1630 -1700 Closing Ceremony

1900-2200 Farewell Aperitif and Closing Banquet
Venue: Gladstone Library, Royal Horseguards Hotel, 1 Whitehall Ct, Westminster, London SW1A 2EJ

COMPANION PROGRAMME

Based around the conference venue in the heart of Royal Kensington and Chelsea, the ICV 27 Companion Programme will explore the monuments, palaces, houses, gardens and hidden corners of this special corner of London. Highlights include the Royal Albert Hall - of Summer Proms fame; Kensington Palace - once home to Queen Victoria, Princess Margaret and Princess Diana, and now to Prince William, Duchess Kate and Prince Harry; Leighton House - a ‘private palace of art’ with an extraordinary Arab Hall; Hyde Park and the SerpentineKensington Gardens and the Albert Memorial; and lovely Holland Park with its stunning Kyoto Garden.



ICV27 - REGISTERED COMPANIONS, as on 12 June 2017.

Sukla Chakrabarti (India), Maria Esther Cruz (The Netherlands), Elizabeth Dangaard (Australia), Annie de La Condamine (France), Elisabeth Dreyer (Switzerland), Patrica Edwards (Canada), Deanna Hartvigsen (USA), Irina Herzfeld (Germany), Debbie Kaye (USA), Mike Kearney (UK - ICV27 Companion Programme Guide), Patricia Keegan-Poels (UK), Suzanne Kelly (Australia), Roman Križanič (Slovenia), Janice Lancaster (Canada), Lin-na Li (China), Lena Lindquist (Sweden), Ksenia Lomantsova (Russia), Karen Lowe (USA), Jenny Naughton (Australia), Michael Platoff (USA), Wendy Raeside (Canada), Barbara Ross (UK), Susanne Schmidt (Germany), Maggie Sumner (UK - ICV27 Companion Programme Organiser) 

Friday, December 30, 2016

TIBET NATIONAL FLAG AND ITS SYMBOLISM

National Flag of Tibet. A Priceless Gift From Sherap Gyatso of Lhadhan Chotrul Monlam Chenmo Trust, Tibetan Monastery. Sarnath.

 On 30 November 2016 I was presented a historic Tibetan Flag by Sherap Gyatso, purported to have been flown during the inauguration ceremony of the first Tibetan Monastery at Sarnath, Varanasi by the founder Gan Thupten Jungney (Gan Gose La), the most popular Tibetan Ranzen activist of his time, when His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama paid a visit to India to attend the 2500th Buddhist Jayanti Celebration in 1956.
14th Dalai Lama
The Snow Lion Tibetan Flag (Gangs Seng Dar Cha) was adopted by Thubten Gyatso - the 13th Dalai Lama  in 1916.
The region of Tibet maintained its autonomy until 1951 when, following the Battle of Chamdo, Tibet became incorporated into the People's Republic of China, and the previous Tibetan government was abolished in 1959 after a failed uprising.
China has made possessing the Tibetan flag illegal in Tibet since 1959. (Wikepedia).
 However the Tibetan Flag is widely in use by the Tibetan people seeking freedom from Chinese Rule. The Flag is also used by the Tibetan Government in Exile, based in Dharamsala, India and at all other Tibetan Monasteries. A Cinderella stamp issued to commemorate the centenary of the UPU in 1974.

THE SYMBOLISM OF THE TIBETAN FLAG
  In a letter written to me in 1983, Guru Tharchen of the Tibetan Refugee Centre, Darjeeling narrated the symbolisms of the Flag as follows;
 The Snow Mountain: Symbolise the geographical feature of Tibet surrounded by lofty Himalayas. 
The Pair of Lions: the twin system of the Temporal and Spiritual power.
 The Wishing Gem: in the paws of the lions the rule of law based on the Law-principal of cause and effect underlying the Ten Golden Precept and the Sixteen Human-principals, which are the source of infinite benefit and peace. 
The Flaming Jewel: over the wishing gem,devotion of the Three Gems (Triratna) who are endowed with twenty four transcendental attributes. 
Two Flags in Red & Blue: unfailing support of the two guardian deities known as MAR NAG NYIE. 
The Twelve Stripes in Red & Blue: the twelve descendant of the six originals of Tibet.
 The Rising Sun: freedom, happiness and prosperity of the ideals of Buddhism.
The Five Coloured Banner: on the top of the mast, the victory of Golden Phodrang, the Central Government of Tibet, over all the spheres.
The Double Edged Sword: the Vajra and the Lotus, on top of the banner , the incessant appearance of the incarnations of the three of the three Budhisattavas: Avalokitesvara, Monjushri and Vajrapani.
The Un-bended and Un-ending Mast:  the justice of the law without fear or favour.
The Knot of the White Ribbon: the noble tradition of the Dharma.

 However, we have also a simplified version of the Symbolism of the flag.
1. The white snow mountain in the center depicts the land of the: great nation of Tibet.
2. The six Red rays emanating from the sun - the six original people of Tibet: the Se,Mu, Dong, Tong, Dru, and Ra.
3. The blue rays- the commitment to spiritual and secular rule.
4, The pair of snow-lions: the complete victory of the spiritual and secular government
5. The three sided yellow border: the flourishing of the Buddha's teachings. the fly-side without border :Tibet's openness to non-Buddhist thought
6. The raised jewel :Tibet's reverence for the three Precious Gems: the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Vandalism of the World War-2 photograph of the US victory in the Battle of Iwo Jima




VANDALISM UNABATED 
 It seems our Government officials will never learn. Chief Elections Commissioner, Puducherry in association with Dept of Posts issued a subsidised Meghdoot Post Card with the morphed photograph of the Indian flag on the famous photograph of World War II US flag raising at Iwo Jima.
The iconic photograph was taken on February 23, 1945 by Joe Rosenthal. It depicts United States Marines raising a U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.

The photograph became extremely popular, being reprinted in thousands of publications. Later, it became the only photograph to win the Pulitzer Prize for Photography in the same year as its publication, and came to be regarded in the United States as one of the most significant and recognizable images of the war, and quite possibly the most reproduced photograph of all time.[Wikipedia].

Over the time this iconic photograph also became the victim of most "MORPHED PHOTOGRAPH" in several countries including India. Little they realize that this kind of PHOTOSHOP tricks do not really help glorify their own patriotic farvour.

 WATCH HERE EXAMPLES OF A FEW MORE MORPHED PHOTOS REPLACING THE US "STARS AND STRIPES" WITH THE INDIAN TRICOLOUR.

 
 The Goan newspapers of 19 December 2011 carried several advertisements on the great occasion of celebrating the golden jubilee which turned out to be a sheer nonsense , it was found the image selected by the Goan Government agencies is a FAKE one.

The advertisement showed Marines holding high the Indian tricolor in an act of triumph.  If you think the newspaper ad. was to glorify and well up patriotism,  you are terribly wrong . In fact the  advertisements should be considered as an affront to our dignity.
 
In the recent past the same art work  made by some braindeads in the government agencies had revealed how an immortal photograph that  came to symbolize the courage and indomitable will of American people in World War II in the Pacific had been unashamedly vandalized. Even the 'Fake art work' was published  by the Defence Research and Development Organisation  (DRDO - an agency under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India)
  It seems Government Departments just won’t learn.
 Heroes of the War in the Pacific
 The US stamp was issued just five months after the Flag-Raising atop Mt. Suribachi in Iwo Jima. On the day of issue, people stood patiently in lines stretching for city blocks on a sweltering July day in 1945 for a chance to buy the beloved stamp. For many years, this was the biggest selling stamp in the history of the US Post Office. (Over 137 million sold.)
 A retouched copy of the original photograph. Issued in 1995 to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the first Iwo Jima stamp.
 During World War II, exactly seventy one years ago – U.S. fighting forces displayed extraordinary courage and determination in winning the war in the Pacific. But it was on the island of Iwo Jima that a singular event occurred that would come to symbolize for all time American valour in the long bitter fight against the Japanese. With Japan’s home islands sighted squarely in their minds, as the next target for American warplanes, the U.S. determined that the  volcanic island of Iwo Jima was vital to the US goal. The only island in its region suitable for an airfield. Iwo Jima was already the site of two operational Japanese air strips, when the US Marines began their invasion on 19 February 1945. On February 23 – after clawing their way up Mt. Suribachi  under relentless Japanese fire – Marine raised a small American flag on the summit.
 
The sight of the American flag 'The Old Glory' waving in the breeze evoked cheers from Marines. Offshore, U.S. warships blew their whistles in tribute. Few hours later, as a larger flag was being raised on the Mt. Suribachi, the Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal took the memorable picture of the event and became the most famous of the Pacific war.  
The photograph was extremely popular, being reprinted in thousands of publications and came to be regarded in the United States as one of the most significant and recognizable images of the war, and possibly the most reproduced photograph of all time.

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Flags at Sea: Ensigns

Flags at Sea; ENSIGN


 William Crampton in his book “The World of Flags” wrote “The use of flags at sea was the beginning of the flags as they are known today, since they were actually flown from masts and staffs rather than merely held in hand”. Since time immemorial, flags have always been used at sea in trading vessels (merchant ships) and ‘men-of-war’ (warships).

The ‘Age of Discovery’ saw the development of heraldic sails, ie, ones painted with armorial devices all over. The armorial devices symbolic of nationality ultimately gave away to modern Flags at Sea.
At sea there has grown up etiquette of how the flags should be used and where they should be hoisted and the occasions when they are used. 
 We will discuss about the Flags at Sea chapters wise, viz. Ensign, Jack, Pennant, Courtesy Flag, House Flag, Flag of Convenience, Signal Flags, Rainbow Fashion, Pirate Flag, Yacht Flag and finally “Flag Customs at Sea” with philatelic illustrations.
  
 
 The term ‘ENSIGN’ is derived from Greek Semeion, Latin equivalents Signus and Insigne is the distinguishing National flag worn by ships at or near the stern. According to Late E. M. C. Barraclough, foremost flag historian, the term 'Ensign' was first used by the British Navy way back in 1574.
 
White Ensign (War Ship) - Red Ensign (Merchant Ship) - Blue Ensign (Ship on Govt. duty)


The Spanish Ensign (1516 - 1785); The Cross of Burgundy -        The Saltire Raguly.








Many National Flags of today were, in fact, first created as Ensigns for use at sea.
 The first display of Japanese Ensign was on the occasion of the trip to the US in 1860 of the first diplomatic delegation ever sent abroad. The cruiser Kanrin Maru sailed the Pacific, for this purpose flew the Japanese Flag "Hi No Maru" at the bow for the first time s the symbol of the nation.



Swallow-tailed or Split National Flag is used as Naval Ensign in Scandinavian Countries.
  
Indian White Ensign (2001-2004)


IN White Ensign (2004-2014)

Most Commonwealth countries use White Ensign to denote Warship

 
Italian and Korean Naval Ensigns
 Red Ensigns denote Merchant ships
 
Israel's Merchant ship Ensign
Indian Coast Guard's Blue Ensign defaced with Coast Guard's emblem.

In most countries, but not all, Ensign discharges a dual function; it shows the Nationality and the function of the ship, for example a warship, a merchant ship or a ship in government service, namely, Coast Guard, Coastal/River Police, Customs, Private Yachts and so forth. Most countries, particularly within the Commonwealth Member countries have three or more different ensigns – one for the warships (white), one for the merchant ships (Red) and one used by ships in government duties (Blue). Often these ensigns are further differentiated by superimposing (defacing) the ensigns with the ‘badges’ or ‘emblems’ of the particular organization the ship belongs.
The German Imperial Reichskiegsflagge (War Flag; 1903-1921) was based on Naval Ensign of Prussia dating back to Teutonic Knights.